Ribbons are thin bands of material usually made of cloth but some are made of metal and plastic. Ribbons are primarily used as decorations for linens and in tying and binding things. Ribbons can also be used for symbolic purposes and ornamental accents on fixtures. Cloth ribbons are made up of materials such as cotton, silk, velvet, jute and polyester.
Ribbons are a subsector of the textile industry. In Asia, the textile industry has become one of the fastest growing industries in the region. One of the factors that contributed to its strong momentum is the low labor cost in Asia. In order to have an in depth understanding of the textile industry and appreciate ribbons, we need to understand the manufacturing process that ribbons undergo. Below are the steps in manufacturing ribbons.
1. The processes by which ribbons are manufactured differ depending on the kind of material used. First, the thread is spun then dyed and afterwards treated. After undergoing the three stages, it is then rolled on bobbins. You will need a ribbon loom to place your bobbins on. You can simultaneously weave as many as 144 fabrics. With the advancement of technology, ribbon looms are now computerized with embedded designs. Eye hooks guide the threads passing through the bobbins. The eye hooks also raise and lower the fabric as it is woven.
2. Different weaving techniques and devices are used in order to produce multiple effects. Different colors of thread can also be woven together. You can achieve odd colors when you dye your thread. The woven products are then further processed by adding glues and other fabric treatments. After further treatment, machines with rollers press the treated fabrics and are collected together using large reels.
3. Ribbons are wound on spools. If you want the ribbon to be printed, its surface is smoothened with the use of a calendar and then the ribbon is placed on the stamping machine. The ribbons are placed on spools through the winder. The ribbon is now ready for packaging and for sale.
The manufacture of ribbons has become easy with the advent of new technology. Computer techniques enhance the manufacturing process and add ingenuity to the output.